Chmod Calculator

Owner (u) Group (g) Public (o)
{{ title }}
{{ octal }}
{{ symbolic }}
Command

"chmod" stands for "change mode" and is a command used in Unix-like operating systems to change the access permissions of files and directories. It allows users to control who can read, write, or execute a particular file or directory.

The chmod command operates on three categories of users:

  • Owner: The user who owns the file or directory.

  • Group: The group associated with the file or directory.

  • Others: All other users who are not the owner and not in the group.

For each of these categories, chmod can assign or remove the following permissions:

  • Read (r): Allows reading and listing contents of a file or directory.

  • Write (w): Allows modifying or deleting a file, and creating, deleting, or renaming files within a directory.

  • Execute (x): Allows executing a file as a program or script, or entering a directory.


The syntax of the chmod command typically follows this format:

chmod [options] mode file(s)

Here, "mode" specifies the permissions to be set, and "file(s)" represents the file or files on which the permissions are to be changed.

Some common examples of using chmod are:

  • chmod +x file: Grants execute permission to the file for the owner, group, and others.

  • chmod u+w file: Grants write permission to the owner of the file.

  • chmod go-r file: Removes read permission from the group and others for the file.


The CSS To SCSS Converter allowing you to seamlessly migrate their existing CSS code to SCSS format online for free.

CSS To SCSS Converter

The CSS To SCSS Converter allowing you to seamlessly migrate their existing CSS code to SCSS format online for free.
The CSS to SASS Converter is an online tool for free that designed to simplify the transition from traditional CSS syntax to the robust and expressive SASS (Syntactically Awesome Style Sheets) format.

CSS To SASS Converter

The CSS to SASS Converter is an online tool for free that designed to simplify the transition from traditional CSS syntax to the robust and expressive SASS (Syntactically Awesome Style Sheets) format.
Effortlessly Convert CSS to LESS with a Reliable CSS to LESS Converter. CSS To LESS Converter is an online tool for free by enabling developers to seamlessly transition their existing vanilla CSS code into the powerful LESS syntax.

CSS To LESS Converter

Effortlessly Convert CSS to LESS with a Reliable CSS to LESS Converter. CSS To LESS Converter is an online tool for free by enabling developers to seamlessly transition their existing vanilla CSS code into the powerful LESS syntax.
LESS to CSS Converter simplifies the process that translating LESS syntax into CSS, thereby eliminating the need for manual conversion and reducing the potential for errors.

LESS To CSS Converter

LESS to CSS Converter simplifies the process that translating LESS syntax into CSS, thereby eliminating the need for manual conversion and reducing the potential for errors.